Mortality trends in Baltic countries before, during and after Soviet domination

France Meslé, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)
Jacques Vallin, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)

From Polish and Swedish occupation to their second independence, through Russian Empire enrolment, first independence, and Soviet occupation, Baltic countries experience strong changes that caused major impacts on their health transition that would be quite interesting to document, but they also produced dramatic changes in the quality and the accuracy of information that makes it difficult. After summarizing existing mortality indicators for the farer past, we’ll carefully estimate mortality trends since WW-I to compare them to French and Russian trends to discuss what were the consequences of getting in and then getting out of the Soviet system in terms of health and survival. We’ll show how Baltic countries suffered from their incorporation into the USSR but also had very fast progress in 1955-64, before falling into the Soviet health crisis in 1965-1990, to finally recover better and sooner than all other new states born from the split of the USSR.

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Presented in Session 50: Disparities in mortality trends across developed countries